Today we will talk about IoT programming languages. IoT stands for the internet of things. It is related to the connection and communication between the physical devices. IoT allows the devices to share the data from one device to another. The components of IoT are connectivity, integration, cloud computing and, sensing.
IoT has multiple areas of application like healthcare, home management, automation, retail etc. Industry experts are considering IoT as the next big thing in Industry 4.0. Now let’s look at the best 8 IoT programming languages that you should try.
Top 8 Open Source IoT Programming Languages
Following are the best Open Source IoT Programming Languages to look out for in 2021:
The leader of the tech giants, Microsoft introduced C# in the year 2000. Here all are the same as C, but C# programming language initiates. NET. Anders Hejlsberg is the developer of this language on behalf of Microsoft.
This framework has a large and supportive community in its first 20 years. Also, it is a platform-independent programming language. So you can run this on any operating system like Windows, Linux, and IOS. According to GitHub, C# has ranked 5th in the list. However, TIOBE has listed C# in the 4th position.
C# is the best platform for Server-Side programming and Web development. Also, it offers a decent service in game development. Also, it is one of the best options for the software of the Windows platform. Undoubtedly it is the list topper of IoT programming languages.
Go is the second programming language on our list. Ken Thompson is the developer of Go and offering a simple interface platform. It surpassed the other IoT programming languages at its early stage of the journey. Go offers sustainable support for language-level concurrency.
For simplicity, developers describe it as a combination of python and C. Besides simplicity, attractive design is another USP of the Go programming language. According to some surveys, Go was one of the highest-paid programming languages in 2019.
Also, in 2020, Go ranks in 14th place in TIOBE’s list. Currently, Go is going to collaborate with Java and python. This collaboration will help Go developers while writing system code. Go language has massive application in system-based programming and Cloud-Native Development.
Swift is the general-purpose, multi-paradigm, and compiled programming language. It offers high-level productivity and supports low levels of virtual machine compilers. Also, it provides decent support for C/C++ and Rust. It is the primary programming language in IOS due to its coordination with the C codebase. Swift is popular for its simpler and clean syntax.
This has raised Swift as an alternative to Object-C in the Apple Ecosystem. It can also avoid the Pyramid of Doom by its null safety measurement system. According to compiled languages, Swift is faster than C++. The programming community has listed Swift in the 6th position of their list.
Also, Swift has captures the 15th position in the survey of StackOverflow developers. Swift is incredibly easy to operate and completely beginner-friendly. IOS app developers are using this since it came into the market. And now, Swift is the most used language for IOS app development and System programming. Swift is the must pick for Client-side web development.
Here comes the most gossiping language, Ruby. It’s the pioneer of the programming language industry. Yukihiro Matsumoto developed Ruby in the year of 1995. Starting off the journey, Ruby was an Object-oriented Scripting language. Later it upgrades itself into a multiple-paradigm, high-level interpreted, general-purpose programming language.
Ruby-on-Rails is a server-side web development framework and also the biggest evolution. Ruby-on-Rails is one of the most popular frameworks. Software programming is the most powerful application of Ruby. Tech giants like Twitter, GitHub, Airbnb are using Ruby in their software projects. It offers excellent tooling and framework support in large projects.
Ruby is one of the popular IoT programming languages as per surveys. TIOBE mentioned it as the 13th most popular programming language in October 2020. Also, it is in the top ten popular languages list of 2019 by StackOverflow. Ruby offers garbage-collection and dynamic memory allocation.
Rust came into the market as the alternative to the C language. Previously, C and C++ were the most used language for IoT devices. The reason behind this was the fine-grained memory management and low routine overhead. Now Rust has succeeded to capture the market. It provides the same things like C and C++, with a faster speed.
According to StackOverflow, Rust is the most loved language for the last five years. Also, it has ranked 25th most popular programming language in the TIOBE’s list. The positive factor behind its success is the superior memory management with low runtime overhead.
It has decent documentation guidance and a powerful compiler. This compiler has useful error messages and top-notch tooling. Overall Rust is one of the excellent IoT programming languages in 2021.
LUA is one of the most extensive embedded and procedural programming languages. It has powerful data description facilities with the most designed general-purpose language. You can use this language when it is embedded in a host client node. Lua is one of the frameworks which have been built on Lua.
TRIBE has declared Lua as the topmost liked programming language. Now let’s look at the key features. Lua provides you with quick and powerful programming facilities with a simple interface.
Being an absolute beginner-friendly and superficial scripting language, Lua is easy to learn. Also, the design of Lua is light and embeddable. Game and image processing projects are the major fields of application of Lua. However, nowadays, web developers are also using this lightweight programming language.
IoT has become an integral part of our daily life. So this is the perfect time to get into it. If you are still confused about the choice of language, this article will help you. Here we have mentioned the top 6 IoT programming languages available in the market. You need to check your personal preferences, then choose the language accordingly.