We all find well acquainted with the word “Browser Engine”. However, the word “Rendering Engine” might seem uncommon. But let me tell you the fact that the browser engine and rendering engine are closely related to each other.
What is Rendering Engine?
Tracing back to the terminology, it can be noted that the term “render” stands for “interpreting”, or translating in simple terms. However, just because the word engine is used here, it doesn’t mean that the atmosphere will be stuffed with smoke emitted from a steam engine. In the world of computer studies, a “rendering engine” is nothing but a software component.
Now the question comes, what does this software component do? The rendering engine mostly works on marked-up content and formatting information. It takes up HTML and XML files.
With the aid of CSS and XSL, translate them into formatted content posts. The screen actually displays this content. To display this content rendering engine plays an important role.
Basic Working Principle of Rendering Engine
Do you remember the basics of coordinate geometry and its equational representation? Let us consider the y=mx+c equation. If the constant c is provided, then for different sets of (x, y) values, m will have a different value. Here, the coordinates x and y act as arguments for the function, f(y) =mx+c.
In the case of Rendering Engine, the set of one URL and window content-area rectangle coordinates serve as the argument. A graphical representation of the given rectangle is painted post the function of the rendering engine.
What is Browser Engine?
In the case of browser engine, the term “engine” basically stands in analogy with the engine of a car. It must be kept in mind that a browser engine is not a self-sufficient or self-independent program. It is a critically significant part of a way larger program. Probably similar to that of a web browser and hence the name.
Just like the rendering engine, its basic job lies in the concepts of translation. The basic function of a browser engine is to convert unformatted raw data into organized formatted pictorial or graphical representation.
Now the question might arise, then on what note does the browser engine differ from the rendering engine? Well, the answer lies in the study of the basic working principle of the browser engine. If you want to know more about browser engine and types of browser engine then we had covered the topic.
Basic Working Principle of Browser Engine?
The functions of a rendering engine are more or less incorporated within the functions of a browser engine. Though, rendering engine and browser engine are closely related, there lies a vague line of difference between them. Hence, we consider them separately.
Now apart from the basic functionalities of the rendering engine, what else does the browser engine do? Well, that takes us to the implementation of security policy among the documents, thereby projecting the Document Object Model (DOM). The DOM also handles hyperlinks with web forms. Moreover, the page scripts utilizes the DOM pages.
A browser engine is a core software component of every major web browser. It handles all the quires from the rendering engine. The rendering engine just handles the rendering process. It displays the visible content on the web browser that a user can easily interact with.