We all can agree that Java is one of the best programming languages ever made. We are not saying it is the best, but without question, it is one of the most popular ones. Now, what makes it lovable is maybe a question for another day, but we are sure of it that the wide variety of frameworks that Java offers is one.
Today, we will talk about two of the most popular frameworks of Java – Spring, and Grail. Make no mistake that both the frameworks are very popular among the Java Community. But first, we will learn what they are in brief, and then we will discuss which one edges past the other.
Also Read: Top 10 Reasons to Use Spring Framework
What is Spring?
Many Java programmers believe that Spring is the best framework for the language. Now, whether or not the statement is correct, we know for sure that it is an efficient one. Spring is not new, though.
Pivotal Software, an American IT company, first developed Spring in Oct 2002, which is nearly 17 years ago. Of course, you can get the latest updates frequently nowadays. We will learn more about its features later in this article.
What is Grails?
Grails is another competent Java framework that many people do like a lot. Graeme Rocher is the developer of Grails, back in 2005, and since then, many believe it is among the top 5 Java frameworks in the market right now.
It is open-source and uses Apache Groovy into an excellent effect. We will learn more about Grails’ features later.
The Fundamental Difference
Here are the the fundamental differences between Spring and Grails. When comparing two similar frameworks, the best way to differentiate is to explore the pros and cons of both the Java frameworks. So, let us dive in.
Pros of Spring
- For a newbie, learning Spring can be easier than most Java frameworks. That is because the learning materials are well documented with proper videos and tutorials available on their website and also in GitHub. The online help is also there to grasp.
- One of the intriguing features of Spring is the fact it is highly scalable. You can use EhCache to scale memory cache with ease. The batch processing can deal with thousands of data and sort them accordingly. That is why it is so famous in large-scale apps all over the world.
- The fact that most Spring tools have an extensive ecosystem makes is so unique. You can use the native tools like Roo and Spring Tool Suite, whereas there are 3rd-party tools available like MyEclipse.
Cons of Spring
- Spring indeed offers a lot of means to educate this framework, but they expect you to become a pro right after that. So, for a newbie, it is challenging to update codes. It is equally tough to maintain the codes unless you have sound knowledge.
- Spring has bloated DI. So, if you make a comparison with CDIs, it isn’t straightforward.
- Spring lacks conviction in designing quality UI. While the codes and functions in this framework is top-notch, they should work a bit more on developing better UI. Also, one can say it is often slow in prototyping.
Pros of Grails
- One of the most significant reasons that make Grails stand out from most Java frameworks is for its extensive range of plugins. There are roughly 900 plugins that you can use. It eventually can help you a lot because Grails offer a Groovy API. Also, all those plugins are pretty easy to install.
- Grails is, without a doubt, one of the fastest when it comes to installing and setting up. So, while you are preparing for a new project, you could save a lot of time in scaffolding. Also, Grails offer simple configuration patterns, and the reloading process is unique.
- Grails is user-friendly as well as highly scalable, and one of the most significant factors that most users would agree is that the UI designs are way better than most frameworks. Also, you can learn Grails with ease as there are tons of tutorials and videos there.
Cons of Grails
- The framework may be easy to learn, but the implementation is not that simple. You need to fully understand how GORM (Grails’ Object Relational Mapping) works. Plus, there are many aspects which have a direct link to Spring. So, you should learn Spring as well to use Grails efficiently.
- A lot many users also complaint that Grails is too much dull. However, if you know JVM, you can utilize the framework to its maximum. Otherwise, it would be best if you learned JVM, as Grails is too much inclined to it.
To summarize, Spring is an older framework compare to Grails, so there is always an edge. That said, the plugin support in Grails is top-notch compared to Spring.
So, we believe both the frameworks are competent and efficient; however, to use Grails, you should also consider learning Grails and JVM. Such is not the case if you are into Spring. Thus, we suggest you use it as per the project demands.