If you want to know about the computer network and its type, then you are in the right place. Today, here we are going to discuss the different types of computer networks. When two or more computers are linked together for resource sharing, it is known as a computer network.
It can be connected through cables, infrared light beams, radio waves, or any other means. Upon reading, the article will get to know about the different kinds of networks and their role in electronic communication or the exchange of files.
Different Types of Computer Networks
This section will discuss the different types of computer networks that we use for resource sharing. Read the below paragraph carefully to get familiar with the various types of computer networks.
1. Personal Area Network
Out of different networks, Personal Area Network types are the smallest network and are considered the primary kind of network. An example of a personal area network is the network between your computer, phone, printer, and tablet.
PAN is enclosed by one person under one roof. Personal Area Networks are popular in small offices, and homes and are maintained by the public or organizations using a single device.
2. Local Area Network
There is no doubt in the fact that you have heard about LAN quite often. However, have you wondered what the local area network is all about? It is one of the most discussed systems and the simplest type of network you will come across.
The Local Area Network is used to link multiple computers that are placed at a short distance. So when there are computers placed inside a building LAN is used. LAN is also used to connect computers that are there in between two or three buildings close to sharing resources. To connect to Wide Area Network, the LAN uses routers to transfer data safely and rapidly.
3. Wireless Area Network
The function of a Wireless Area Network is similar to that of a LAN, but there are no physical cables. So in the case of WLAN, you will not see any cables that connect the network. It is a wireless networking technology, for example, Wi-Fi.
Here is a guide on different types of routers that can create a wireless area network or WiFi.
4. Campus Area Network
Campus Area Network can be placed between LAN and MAN. In other words, the range of Campus Area networks is between Local Area Networks and Metropolitan Area Networks.
Campus area networks are seen in colleges, universities, schools, or small businesses. The network can be spread across buildings that are placed nearby so that the sharing of resources can be done quickly.
5. Metropolitan Area network
The Metropolitan Area Network can be placed between the Local Area Network and covers a wide area in terms of range.
MAN covers a geographical area that can be a campus, a city, or a town. The maintenance of Metropolitan Area Networks is done by either a company or a person.
6. Wide Area Network
Wide Area networks spread a larger graphical area than LAN. WAN allows the computer and other devices to connect remotely to one another. The most common example of a vast area network is the internet.
As it has a vast reach, the connection of computers together across the world is possible. The ownership and maintenance of the Wide Area Network are done by multiple administrations.
7. Virtual Private Network
A Virtual Private Network or VPN is the extension of private networks across the internet. It allows the user to send and receive data like it is connected to the private network; however, they are not connected to the private network.
It is the Virtual Private Network that creates the connection and lets the user have secure access to the private network.
8. Enterprise Private Network
Business units own Enterprise Private Network. This type of network is built for business purposes that offer secured data transformation between the resources.
9. Passive Optical Local Area Network
Passive Optical Look Local Area Network, It can be called an alternative to the traditional Eternity protocol that consists of switches.
The implementation of structured cabling in the Passive Optical Local Area Network technology is observed to mitigate conventional ethernet protocols like POE.
That’s it, these are the different types of computer networks that are commonly in use. I hope this article was helpful to you. If you liked the article then you can share it with your friends. Comment us below if you can any quire related to computer networks we are here to help you.