Different Types of Robotic Programming Languages?

Robots are the most effective application of modern science. Robots are not only reducing human efforts but also performing error-less tasks. Many companies are showing interest in Robotics. In recent years, industrial robots have gained momentum. Keeping an eye on the circumstances, we will talk about robotic programming languages.

So, to perform tasks, robots need programming. Robots receive instructions through computer commands, and this is called robot programming. A robotic programmer must know different programming languages. So let’s start.

Also Read: What are the Steps to Learn the Basics of Robotics?

Different Types of Robotic Programming Languages

There are almost 1500 robotic programming languages available in the world. All of them work for robotic training. Here we will discuss the top programming languages available today.

1. C/C++

C and C++ is the best way to start your journey in Robotics. Both of these are general-purpose programming language and offers almost the same features. C++ is the improvised version of C and offers a bit extra. Now, you should also understand why C++ is the leader of robotic programming languages. It allows the interaction with low-level hardware and provides real-time performance.

C++ is the most mature language to ensure the best performances from a robot. There are three methods of coding using C++. These are the Constructor method, Autonomous method, and OperatorControl method. In the constructor method, the initializing code runs to create a class. In this case, it will run at the starting of the program.

It helps to initialize sensors, and create other WPILib objects. The autonomous method ensures the running of code. It works in an autonomous period only. After that, the robot enters the teleoperation part. Here OperatorControl method comes into play.

2. Python

Python is the high-level programming language that helps in building and testing robots. It is better than other platforms in automation and post-process robot programming. You can write the script in this to calculate, record, and stimulate an entire robot program.

There is no need to teach everything manually. This allows quick test and visualizes solution in the simulation, program, and its logic. Compared to other languages, Python can work in fewer lines of code. Also, it offers a huge number of libraries for the basic functionalities. The major aim of Python is to reduce the time and effort of programming.

We can create, modify or delete any object. Additionally, we can program the movements of the robot in the same script. All these happen with minimal coding. This makes Python one of the best robotic programming languages.

Also Read: Important Facts to Know About Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

3. Java

Java is the programming language that helps the robots to perform human-like tasks. It also offers an array of APIs that fulfil the needs of the robotics. Java contains high-level features of an artificial language.

It allows you to create high-level algorithms for machine learning, search, and neural algorithms. Also, Java allows the usage of the same code on different machines.

Being an interpretive language, Java is not compiled into a machine code. Rather, Java virtual machine interprets the instructions at runtime. This has made Java quite popular in Robotics. So, Java is a good over other robotic programming languages. Modern AIs like IBM’s Watson and AlphaGo are using Java.  

4. .NET

.NET is the language by Microsoft to develop applications in visual studio. It offers a solid foundation to start a carrier in Robotics. Developers mainly use .NET in port and socket programming.

It allows multiple languages with horizontal scalability. Also, it creates a unified environment and helps to program in C++ or Java. All tools and IDEs are pre-tested and available in Microsoft Developer Network.

Also, language integration is seamless. So, without any hesitation, we can place this in the top robotic programming languages.

Also Read: 5 Reasons Why Robotics Should be Taught in Schools


MATLAB, along with its open-source relatives like Octave, is very popular in robotic engineering. It is far ahead of other robotic programming languages in data analysis. Technically, MATLAB is not a programming language. However, here you can find engineering solutions based on mathematics.

Robotic developers learn how to produce advanced graphs with data from MATLAB. It is very useful in designing the entire robotic system. Also, in the robot industry, it helps to develop deeply rooted robotic foundations. It is a simulation tool to use your algorithms to simulate the result. This simulation helps engineers to refine the system design and eliminate errors.

There are examples where people have made an entire robot only with MATLAB. So you can’t overlook it in the top language list. One of the best examples of MATLAB applications is Kuka kr6. Developers have also done the modeling and simulation of this robot using MATLAB

6. Lisp

Lisp is one of the earliest robotic programming languages. It came in the market to apply mathematical notation in computer programs. Lisp is also an AI domain and is mainly useful for Robot Operating System writing.

It offers tree data structures, automatic storage management, dynamic typing, and elevated-order features. Therefore, it is easy to use and helps to eliminate implementation errors after problem identification.

This problem identification process happens during the prototyping phase, not in the production phase.  Also, it provides features like the read-eval-print loop and the self-hosting compile.

Also Read: Top 5 Online Courses for Robotics

7. Pascal

Pascal is one of the first programming languages that came into the market. It is still quite helpful, especially for beginners. Also, it is based on the language BASIC and promotes good programming practices. Manufacturers are using Pascal to develop their robotic programming languages.

Examples of such are RAPID of ABB and KRL of Kuka. However, most of the developers are finding Pascal out-dated for everyday use. Also, they have acknowledged its importance for the beginners.

It will help you to understand other robot programming languages faster. We will recommend this for the absolute beginners only. You can switch to another language when you got some experience in robotics programming.


So, these were our recommendations in robot programming languages. We have mentioned all the pros and cons of every pick. You can select the best language according to your choice. Robotics has a brighter future even than today. So, it is the perfect time to jump into it.