Can machine learning overtake human learning? We all might have come across this question. Humans have invented machines. So how can a student know more than their teacher? Though the answer to the above question is ‘NEVER’ as human intelligence designs artificial intelligence. However, the fact that this question arises signifies the advancement of machine learning and AI.
Machines can educate themselves, learn from their mistakes and take decisions. They behave like a human but in a faster and more accurate way. So, can’t they help mankind to solve their issues and make their life easier? AI has changed the lifestyle of humans.
Machine Learning and AI reduces physical work as well as provides tight security and privacy. Artificial intelligence involves every sector, from farming to business analysis. Areas where even humans cannot make a correct decision, there, machines guide them towards their goal and help them in decision making. It is improving our lives and has made it much easier.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
AI is basically machine intelligence, i.e. intelligence shown by machines. The way they have acquired human intelligence, their problem-solving capabilities, their adaptation techniques and their way of improving themselves is what defines an Artificial Intelligence model.
They are three types of systems in AI:
- Humanized artificial intelligence
Analytical AI model uses past experiences while making future decisions. Human-inspired AI model understands human feelings and uses them along with experience while making decisions in the future. Humanized AI model has social intelligence (awareness and consciousness) and keeps them in mind along with human feelings and experience while taking decisions in the future.
The main goals of AI are reasoning, problem-solving, planning, learning, perception, social intelligence, general intelligence and manipulation of objects. Statistical methods and computational intelligence are used for the implementation of the above goals.
Some of the applications of AI are speech recognition, face recognition, virtual reality and image processing, and manipulation. It is providing help in every sector.
What is Machine Learning?
Machine learning refers to the self-learning of the machine from experience by providing it with a set of data. The model is not programmed to perform particular tasks, but it makes predictions and decisions on sample data known as ‘Training Data’. It is a subset of AI.
It is classified majorly into three types:
- Supervised Learning
- Semi-supervised Learning
- Unsupervised Learning
In supervised learning, the model is provided with a set of data that consists of both input and their desired outputs. It is like providing questions with their solutions to a student to solve, check, analyze, learn and correct its mistakes.
Semi-supervised learning algorithms develop a model from an incomplete data set, i.e. some outputs are missing, or outputs are given in the form of hints.
In Unsupervised learning, only inputs are given, and no outputs are provided. Thus, the model identifies patterns and form groups or clusters from the data provided.
Some of the applications of machine learning are Virtual Personal Assistants like Alexa, Traffic predictions and Social media services.
Machine Learning Vs AI
Often people consider machine learning and artificial intelligence as the same thing. But in reality, machine learning is a subset of AI. Machine learning means self-learning of the machine by a sample of data. Whereas artificial intelligence comprises of machine learning as well as problem-solving techniques and overall resemblance of human knowledge.
For example, Speech recognition and virtual reality comes under AI but not under machine learning.
Machine learning is an application of AI which emphasizes giving machines access to data and let them learn themselves. Artificial intelligence algorithms are programmed to perform a particular task on huge data while a machine learning model is not programmed but is self-learned by analyzing a set of data.
How Machine Learning and AI is Improving our Lives?
Have you ever wondered how life was before and after the introduction of fingerprint and face recognition sensors or robots or traffic predictions by GPS or social media magic like a self-tag on photos?
An AI mathematical model is a faster and accurate version of human intelligence. So why not use it to solve the daily and monotonous problems of man? ML and AI provides various models for making the life of humans easier.
- Farmers have access to AI models which shows improvements in gaining yields and predicts the time for the complete growth of the plant, i.e. from seed to food.
- The Air Operations Divisions uses AI in wars and training for surrogate operators.
- AI models can solve complex problems in computer science.
- Artificial Neural Networks are used for giving decisions for medical diagnosis in EMR. Medicine uses AI to a very great extent, ranging from heart sound analysis to drug creation.
- The main reason behind the success of search engines like Google is their ability to rank pages in a particular preference order. This mechanismis taught to them by a complex machine learning algorithm.
- Robots have become common nowadays. Robots perform those operations that require a lot of precision or concentration.
- Businessmen use AI apps to make trading decisions. Many banks now have an entire system managed by purely AI systems.
- Face recognition and fingerprint sensors have increased security.
- Virtual Personal Assistants like Alexa are very famous nowadays.
- Traffic predictions are very useful to get the status of that road.
These are not just the only applications of Machine Learning and AI, but a lot more exists that helps the targeted users to reach their desired goals. With the advancements of technology, life is getting easier in terms of the physical load.
An AI Model processes, analyzes and calculates all the work. However, it is also important to use this knowledge and intelligence in a good and mature manner and not for the destruction of mankind.