Are you interested in web development? If you answer Yes, then you should know about the programming languages which are needed for web development. I am assuming you are new to web development and you don’t know from where to start and what are basic programming language you should know for web development.
Web development is a vast topic to discuss, let me break down it. Web development consists of two departments, front end development and back end development. Both of the department deals with a different aspect of the web. What we see in front of our browser is called front end or the client side and what goes on the server is called back end or the server side.
If you see the source code of any website, we think that’s the back end. That’s not the back end its actually the front end. Those are the programming languages which are needed to front end development.
Note:- To check the source code, simply right click on the page and then click on “view page source” or use “Ctrl+U“. You can also view the source code of any webpage by typing this on the address bar, view-source: followed by URL of the website.
Now you may have some question like what are front end programming language. If that’s not the back end of a website then what’s the back end of a website and more. Let me clear it.
Front End and Back End
Those who deal with the Front end of a website is called front end developer and those who deal with the back end of a website is called back end developer. Without both of these departments, the website is incomplete.
Front end developer makes sure how the website is going to look and the user experience. But the back end developer makes sure the functionality of the website.
Now if you are going to choose your career as web development then you should know all the basics programming languages need for the front end and back end development.
There are many prgramming languages which are used in web development as you are a beginner today here we will discuss Top 5 Basic Programming Language You Should Know For Web Development.
Top 5 Basic Programming Language For Web Development
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is not a programming language, it is a markup language. HTML is used to define the structure of the webpage.
It tells the browser how to display the content on the browser such as headings, paragraphs, images, table, list and more. HTML is easy to learn, one can learn HTML within one week.
Also Read: Why Is It Important To Learn HTML?
Once you completed HTML you should learn CSS. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is a styling programming languages use to define the style of the webpage. It is also easy to learn. With the help of CSS, we can change font style, font size, font colour and more.
In web development, you can use CSS in three different ways, External style sheet, Internal style sheet, Inline style. An external style sheet is used to style the entire website. An internal style sheet is used to style some of the HTML elements and inline style is used to style only one HTML tag.
Note: Above three are the front end programming languages used in web development. Now let us discuss some of the basic back end programming languages.
PHP is a server scripting language and a powerful tool for making dynamic and interactive Web pages and web applications. It stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is a widely used open source scripting language.
SQL stands for Structured Query Language. It is used for accessing and manipulating databases. With the help of SQL, we can store data, manipulating and retrieving data in databases.
Programming Language For Web Development
Above are the top 5 basic programming language you should know if you are new to web development. Besides these, there are other programming languages use in the web development industry.
Now if we talk about the career opportunity then there is a huge demand for front end and back end developer. It is your choice whether you want to become front end developer or back end developer. You can also become a full stack developer who has the knowledge to both.