Today we will discuss the top 8 alternatives of Python language. Python is a programming language to develop a variety of applications. You can create web-based applications, analytical data applications, and machine learning applications. Although Python is one of the best programming languages, still it has some flaws.
Speed is one of those major issues with Python. Also, mobile applications developed with Python shows some problems. Also, Python offers some run time errors. Due to these, developers are looking to the alternatives of Python. So, now we will describe the top 8 alternatives to look for.
Top 8 Alternatives of Python Programming Language
Here in this section, we have listed the top alternatives of Python Language for Programming:
We are starting the list with the java programming language. When we discuss alternatives of Python, nobody can argue with this. It is an object-oriented programming language just like Python. It offers decent speed while handling bulky applications. Currently, Java has become the most popular programming language for web-based applications.
Also, it offers event-driven programming to I/O heavy tasks. Comparing with Python programs, Java programs are way faster. However, programmers take 3-5 minutes extra in Java to develop. So, if you need an alternative to develop faster programs, this is your choice.
Also, Node is one of the most lightweight languages. Developers can add multiple middlewares to perform the task. Also, you can publish your packages using a node package manager. It allows you to incorporate new services like Kafka, Twilio, LogDNA, Auth0, and many more.
It is suitable for both the small scale and large scale companies. Companies like PayPal and LinkedIn are using NodeJS. It is easy to use compared to Python and saves time. Also, it is highly compatible with NoSQL databases.
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When you look for a flexible language, PHP will draw your attention. However, it is restricted to the web development area. PHP is one of the best alternatives of Python since the last decade. Rasmus Lerdorf is the developer of PHP. He created this as a set of Common Gateway Interface binaries to develop web applications.
Later, the other developers have added some more functionality to it. Right now, PHP is a general-purpose, dynamic programming language. The main use of modern PHP is to develop server-side Web applications. PHP is the language for so many tech giants like Facebook and WordPress.
According to ranking site TIOBE, it is the 8th popular programming language. So, you can consider PHP as one of the best alternatives of Python. The conjunction of PHP and Ruby is one of the finest for solution building. So, it is your obvious choice for web-based, server-side applications.
Ruby is the leader of object-oriented scripting languages since the 1990s. Yukihiro Matsumoto developed this language and released it for everyone in 1995. Today, Ruby is an in a dynamically-typed, high-level, multiple-paradigm general-purpose programming language. It has implemented C language and offering garbage collection.
Like Python, Ruby offers a cross-platform interpretation. This gives Ruby a clear edge over the other alternatives of Python. Also, due to its dynamic type, Ruby offers flexibility to the developers. They can modify the program while it is running. This ability of data editing as executable code is known as metaprogramming.
Probably, it is the most disruptive and influential server-side Web development framework. According to TIOBE, Ruby is the 11th most popular programming language. Another ranking system. So, it is a strong, dynamic, and object-oriented opponent of Python. That’s why; software projects like Twitter, GitHub, and Airbnb are using Ruby.
This is the creation of Google. That’s why; Kubernetes and Docker are built on Golang only. It is a fast, statically typed, compiled language for programming. Developers often compare the syntactic of Go with C language.
However, Go offers features like memory safety and garbage collection. Also, it allows the developers to write programs for multicore and networked machines. It supports runtime reflection and offers fast compilation.
Golang is object-oriented programming and one of the best alternatives of Python. It supports socket programming. So, if you want to develop the backend for a single page application, Golang is the choice. Also, you can develop reliable REST APIs faster than Python.
Scala is a functional programming language and object-oriented language as well. It allows the developers to avoid bugs in complex applications. Scala can interoperate with Java Runtime Environment.
It allows the languages to be nested and also supports currying. It doesn’t need so much code to work. This is mainly an alternative to Python to develop complex applications.
It also supports the programming of web-based applications. So, if you want to develop complex, web-based applications, this is the tool.
C is probably one of the oldest languages. It was quite popular in 1960-70 as an application development language. It offers low-level memory access as well as full hardware control.
All the leading languages, including Python and PHP, was developed in C. Though it offers some unnecessary complexity along with unsafe programming.
Also, it is platform-dependent. Still, if you want to trust the oldest, you can go for C.
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C++ came from the influence of C, as an extension of the C language. It offers an object-orientation feature. The rest of the features are the same as the C language.
The advantage of C++ is the adaption with cloud computing and GPU. So, you can take benefits of Hardware or ecosystem change.
Today, C++ is one of the best alternatives of Python in the industrial platform.
Every alternative has its own pros and cons. Also, there are certain fields where they perform better than Python. You should understand your requirements first. Then choose your pick from the above-mentioned alternatives of Python.