An IP address is nothing but a unique identity that recognizes a computer or laptop on the web or a local network. IP means “Internet Protocol,” which is the arrangement of rules administering the organization of information sent through the web or local networks.
In this guide, we will disclose what an IP address is. What are the types of IP Addresses along with their function? If you want to know more about how IP Addresses work, then you can check our linked article.
What is an IP Address?
IP address comes in the form of a numerical identity; that assigns to every device joined in online networking. Bear in mind; that every device has a unique IP address and is separated through dots. For example-192.168.10.26.
Apart from this, an IP address is a part of online addressing which is logical & can search easily by people rather than a Mac address. The IP address has two versions. These are IPv4 and IPv6.
IPv4: This IP address has 32 bits. (means 8 lengths*4octet),4 Octet,4 Billion (). IPv4 address can be generated & has a 0 to 255 range. For instance, 192.168. 155.155.
IPv6: It has 128 bits(means16 length*8 octet), 8 Octet,340 trillion (). The range of IPv6 addresses lies between 0 to FFFF (65535). This type of IP address can be written as, ‘3FBB:1806:4545:2:100:L8FF: FE21:97.’IPv6 has a hexadecimal combination and is a unique IP address rather than the first version.
Types of IP Address in Computer Network
Here in this section, we will discuss the types of IP Addresses in a computer network. These are the types of common Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. Let’s discuss them one by one.
1. Private IP Address
When you want to; simultaneously connect two devices with a computer. For example, if you want to connect your speaker or mobile phone with your computer, by using a Private IP address, you can easily do so.
Besides, by utilizing a Private IP address, you can transfer data from mobile to computer if you have a LAN network.
This address is not routable on the internet and is also not chargeable. Private IP Address Range:
- Class A IP Range : 10.0.0.0-10.255.255.255
- Class B IP Range :172.16.0.0-172.31.255.255
- Class C IP Range :192:168.0.0-192.168.255.255
2. Public IP Address
Public IP Addresses are enabled on the internet so we can see the address publicly. By using this address, you can start a business on the internet.
It is a payable IP address and will be provided by your Internet service provider and for every device, there’s a unique Internet Protocol address.
Here, we mentioned the range of Public IP addresses:
- Class A IP: 22.214.171.124 to 126.96.36.199 & 188.8.131.52-184.108.40.206
- Class B IP:220.127.116.11 to 18.104.22.168 & 22.214.171.124 to 126.96.36.199, and
- Class C IP :192.0.0.0-188.8.131.52 & 184.108.40.206 to 220.127.116.11
3. Dynamic IP Address
The Dynamic IP address changes constantly every time assigned by the ISP customer. Though the address is not more powerful, it is a standard type address assigned when we purchase internet connectivity.
4. Static IP Address
Do you know that a Static IP address never changes? Yes, it’s true. The network administrators manually input this IP address. It will be the same whenever you connect to the internet. Static IP addresses are mainly used for manageable small networks.
Once the manufacturer assigned your device with a Static IP address, it will remain the same until your network architecture changes.
As we discussed earlier, an IP address will be required whenever you want to connect your computer to the internet or other devices. It is used to share and transfer files, data, and documents from one computer to another. That’s it; this is all about types of IP address in computer network.
I hope this article was helpful to you. If you liked the article, share it with your friends and family. If you have some suggestions, do not hesitate to leave them in the comments section below. We will add that to the guide.