If you wonder what is Linux? We can say it is an operating system in the first place. However, over the span of 28 years, Linux has been a pinnacle of a ton of other Operating System and software packages. From smartphones to cars, supercomputers and home appliances, the Linux operating system is everywhere. Even your favourite mobile operating system that is Android is based on Linux.
Today here in this article, we will discuss various aspects of the Linux Operating System along with its essential features and benefits of using Linux. We will also take a sneak peek of the creator alongside the evolution of the Linux operating system over the years. Finally, we will discuss the various implementations as well.
What is Linux?
Linux is a free and open-source operating system, based on the Linux kernel. Its functionality list is quite like UNIX.
When you can able to edit the source codes of any software, they are open-source software packages. Now, Linux is an excellent example of open-source software. In fact, it is more than a software package. It is an operating system where you being a developer can edit and customize the general looks and its functions.
However, you can’t just customize Linux straightaway, for that, you need a set of Linux functions known as Linux kernel. We will discuss what is Linux Kernel, later in the article.
Evolution of Linux
Linus Benedict Torvalds was the original creator of the Linux Kernel back in the year 1991. You may be thrilled to know that the kernel for the Linux OS that Mr. Torvalds created was later tweaked and hence, gave birth to the Linux Distribution Systems. Amazingly, those distribution systems are responsible for you to use the Android Operating System on your mobile phones.
The Linux Distributions became very popular in a short period. Some of the renowned names are Fedora, Debian, and Ubuntu. Subsequently, several companies then used Linux Distributions to create their own version of the operating system like Red Hat Enterprise Linux and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.
If we want to elaborate Kernel, it is one of the central units of an operating system. So, in this case, the OS is Linux, and hence, the Linux Kernel is typically an open-source software package. Whatever do decide you will do in Linux. Now you have got to understand how the Kernel system works.
The kernel is the middle man between the software and hardware and determines whether it would grant permission to the program or not. Besides that everything from how the program would access files and how it would take to tell the hardware, all depends on kernel.
The Linux Kernel is monolithic, that means it consists of multiple device drivers to run. Also, it is a Unix-based operating system, which means you can do multi-tasking. Today, however, the whole dimension has changed to a level that most of the portable devices use Linux Kernel as their primary operating system.
Benefits of Linux Operating System
If you count the advantages of using Linux, you will probably be tired of counting. Therefore, we are mentioning some of the essential benefits in simple terms:
Open-Source: As discussed, a few times now, one of the most significant advantages of using Linux Operating System is the fact it is open-source. So, if you are aware of the programming language, you can theoretically tweak the operating system as per your convenience. That is how all the Linux Distributions were created.
Low Cost: The fact that Linux is open-source, you can get the source codes free of cost. Then, you can develop new applications. Countless companies used this strategy to create new applications. The cost of such applications or programs is significantly low.
Stability & Performance: Linux is much efficient when it comes to stability and performance. You can work continuously for hundreds of hours without even rebooting the system. Moreover, you and your friends can work all at the same time and share large network servers too.
Flexibility & Compatibility: With Linux, you can work on high-performance server applications, embedded systems, and desktop applications. It also runs on almost all platforms; therefore, you can play any file formats. If you wish, you can restrict users as well.
Practical Implementation of Linux
You can execute the Android using Linux. Hence, smartphones, tablet computers, and even smartwatches also use Linux. One of the most significant aspects is you can literary built anything you wish if you know how to. In fact, the top 500 supercomputers in the world also use Linux as their primary Operating system. Linux is everywhere.
The Linux is not just a regular operating system with proprietary functions. It is a powerful tool that can shape your ideas into reality. With Linux, you can also enjoy media, run your programs, even built a hybrid operating system as well.